عنوان مقاله [English]
“Esteshhad” (confession) or “Quranic citation” has always been one of the most outstanding features of Persian prose. Such as any other verbal phenomenon, this literary device has naturally experienced a considerable evolution due to the prevailing intellectual and literary requirements of each period. Surveying several examples of confession in Persian prose from the fifth century up to the eighth AH shows that this device has transformed from reasoning element into a rhetoric element and its lingual structure has changed from an independent, explicit, and expansive state to a concise, ambiguous, and motion-based pattern as a result of this functional evolution. The ultimate result of this is the emergence of a new kind of compound in Persian language that can be called “confessional.” Due to the absence of this kind of compound in Persian grammar books, it seems necessary to carry out a comprehensive review of its structure. Thus, the forming factors, the linguistic and literary structures, and the patterns and functions of confessional compounds are studied in the present paper.