عنوان مقاله [English]
Mystics to express their mystical experiences and teachings, chose a kind of expression called "mystical language". This language was used to explain and transmit mystical teachings and rituals and is divided into different categories. One of the most famous of them is its division into phrase language and sign language. The phrase language has been used to express mystical teachings and the sign language has been used to express mystical experiences. The basic element in the language of expression is mystical terms and in sign language, mystery, symbol, metaphor and…. Metaphor is one of the most important elements in sign language and plays an important role in expressing the deepest and most complex mystical perceptions in the form of sign language. Metaphor has different branches one of the most important and effective of them is abnormal metaphors. Among the abnormal metaphors, words that have a favorable place among the people like mosque, school and … sometimes used in a negative sense and words like wine, butler, lover and … which have a negative and distasteful meaning among the people of Sharia as well as public, are used in mystical poems with desirable and positive semantic application. This kind of use of words has faced different reactions due to its opposition to the custom of the people in different periods of time and sometimes because of this, some people have opposed the people of knowledge. This research studies important mystical texts in which abnormal metaphors are used and also investigate the roots and factors of the abnormal metaphors formation in the sign language based on documentary and library studies and in this way, tries to provide a ground for the correct understanding of the meanings of mystical texts. One of the most important findings of this study is that spread of malamatieye thinking in the field of Persian mystical poetry, Prevalence of poems describing the beloved in Samaa Meetings and the preference of the relative meaning of words over the original meaning are the most important factors and roots in the formation of abnormal metaphors in Persian mystical poetry.